This step shows the A-flat major scale degrees - tonic, supertonic, mediant, subdominant, dominant, submediant, leading note / tone, and octave. Have a look at C# major key signature for details. This step shows the white and black note names on a piano keyboard so that the note names are familiar for later steps, and to show that the note names start repeating themselves after 12 notes. In some scores the a minor key signature in the bass clef is written with the flat for the f on the second line from the top. To apply this rule, firstly list the white key names starting from the tonic, which are shown the White column below. To learn more about these patterns, have a look at Learn the circle of fifths. The Battle Ends.. order for key signature symbol placement is not accidental, and follows a variation of the Circle of fifths music theory pattern called the Circle of fourths. The 1st note of the A-flat major scale is, The 2nd note of the A-flat major scale is, The 3rd note of the A-flat major scale is, The 4th note of the A-flat major scale is, The 5th note of the A-flat major scale is, The 6th note of the A-flat major scale is, The 7th note of the A-flat major scale is, The 8th note of the A-flat major scale is. The A-flat major triad, more commonly called the A-flat major chord or simply the A-flat chord for short, consists of the notes A-flat, C and E-flat. This step shows the descending A-flat major scale on the piano, treble clef and bass clef. The numbered notes are those that might be used when building this note scale. This step tries to assign note names to the piano keys identified in the previous step, so that they can be written on a note staff in the Solution section. Put another way, if you see a key signature with 1 flat symbol, that flat will always be Bb (the first phrase word). a bass or treble clef), there is no possibility of having 2 G-type notes, for example, with one of the notes needing an accidental next to it on the staff (a sharp, flat or natural symbol). This major scale key is on the Circle of 5ths - Ab major on circle of 5ths, which means that it is a commonly used major scale key. Taking the 1st letter of the 1st word in the phrase - B, the 4th note of the major scale with its name as the tonic - B major scale is note E (the 2nd word of the phrase). To count up a Whole tone, count up by two physical piano keys, either white or black. The spaces on the bass stave are F - A - C - E - G - B. Or if a key signature has 2 flats, those flats will always be Bb and Eb. The Lesson steps then explain how to write the key signature using both clefs, including the display order and line / space staff positions of the notes, and the sharp / flat accidentals. The Lesson steps then explain how to identify the A-flat major scale note interval positions, choose the note names and scale degree names. In contrast, the Ab natural minor scale has a whole tone (two half-tones / semitones, two notes on the piano keyboard) between the 7th and 8th notes, and the 7th note does not lean towards the 8th note in the same way. The other interesting thing about this phrase / pattern is that given any flat symbol in the key signature, the symbols before that symbol will always exist. © 2020 Copyright Veler Ltd, All Rights Reserved. Here are both of the above chords on the piano: Every white or black key could have a flat(b) or sharp(#) accidental name, depending on how that note is used. 1st note is always tonic, 2nd is supertonic etc.) The 8th note - the octave note, will have the same name as the first note, the tonic note. This step shows an octave of notes in the key of. The notes in the spaces of the bass staff follow the pattern above as well, with an added bonus! Here’s a diagram of the Ab major scale on the treble clef. For example, in the final step below, you will see that the scale tonic / starting note appears twice on the both treble and bass clef. This step shows the number of sharps or flats in the scale so that the number of symbols needed for the key signature can be identified. These note names are shown below on the treble clef followed by the bass clef. In this case, the 7th note is called the subtonic. This major scale key is on the Circle of 5ths - Ab major on circle of 5ths, which means that it is a commonly used major scale key. Middle C (midi note 60) is shown with an orange line under the 2nd note on the piano diagram. This step shows the ascending A-flat major scale on the piano, treble clef and bass clef. The key signature for this scale is shown below, with the key signature symbols in the correct order as per the phrase in the above step, and the note names in the same order as shown in Step 2. A Flat Major Scale Diagrams. Then list the 7 notes in the scale so far, shown in the next column. For the key signature of this scale, showing these symbols grouped correctly next to the bass or treble clef symbol at the beginning, have a look at the Ab major key signature. In reality, any note could occur in multiple octaves ie. © 2020 Copyright Veler Ltd, All Rights Reserved. To understand why the A-flat major scale has 4 flats, have a look at the Ab major scale page, which shows how to identify the note positions and names for this scale. For each of the 7 notes, look across and try to find the White note name in the Scale note name. Now take the 4th note of the major scale whose tonic is E - the E major scale - this is note A (the 3rd word of the phrase). Basicmusictheorycom A Flat Melodic Minor Scale One octave natural minor scale fingering. For example, if a key signature has note Fb (last phrase word / symbol), then it will always have the other 6 symbols before it. The above staff diagrams show only one possible staff position for each note letter A to G, on each clef. For a quick summary of this topic, have a look at Key signature. The only difference between them is that the bass clef symbols are shifted down to the next line or space (and of course the note pitches are lower on the bass clef). Have a look at the C# major key signature. Equally, on the treble clef, note D (4th note shown) occupies the 2nd line from the top, whereas on the bass clef, the same note is the 3rd line from the top. It also shows the scale degree chart for all 8 notes. Because these two clefs are slightly different, they will have slightly different scales. The bass clef symbols are dropped to the next position for sharp-based key signatures in exactly the same way. This is needed to ensure that when it comes to writing the scale notes on a musical staff (eg. The spaces in the bass staff. Major scales from sharp key signatures in the Bass clef. The Ab harmonic minor scale and Ab melodic minor scale scales share the same property - they both have only one half-tone / semitone between the 7th and 8th notes. These note names … The A-flat major scale has 4 flats. Now take the 4th note of the major scale whose tonic is A - the A major scale - this is note D (the 4th word of the phrase), and so on. Another example - if a key signature has a Db (4th word / symbol), then it will always have the first 3 symbols before it. These note names are shown below on the treble clef followed by the bass clef. The A-flat major scale has 4 flats. The bass clef is also known as the F clef, and the note below the stave is F which makes it easy to remember. Middle C (midi note 60) is shown with an orange line under the 2nd note on the piano diagram. Highly Recommended: Click here for the BEST piano/keyboard course I’ve come across online. appear more than once on the treble or bass clef, with a higher or lower pitch. These note names are shown below on the treble clef followed by the bass clef. This step shows the Ab major scale key signature on the treble clef and bass clef. column shows the major scale note names. The audio files below play every note shown on the piano above, so middle C (marked with an orange line at the bottom) is the 2nd note heard. For a quick summary of this topic, have a look at Major scale. This is to reflect the fact that all note positions on the bass clef are one line or space lower than the treble clef. column. For this major scale, all notes have a match, and so the Match?