(eds). Usually a main anchoring root extended down to about 20 cm and had several short laterals. Index of Species Information. Description: The fishhook barrel cactus (Ferocactus wislizeni) is a barrel shaped or columar cactus that stay usually a single column; rare specimens may be multiple, typically it grows to a diameter of roughly 50-80 cm. The flowers are pollinated by cactus bees (Lithurge spp.). Group: Cacti - Desert. Prickly Pear Cacti (Opuntia species): Low mat-forming prickly pears are very easy to grow.Always wear heavy gloves when handling prickly pears. This species grows in sandy and gravelly soils from 1500 ft to almost 4500 ft in sheltered locations. It is also found in Mexico to Sinaloa and Chihuahua.Habitat: It grows primarily in desert shrub and grasslands in the Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts, but also in shrub-steppe, Chaparral, mountain shrub, pinyon-juniper open forest and deserts often on gritty, rocky or sandy soils on the hill-sides from 300 to 1,600 m elevation. [7], The skin thickens with age, making older cacti more fire resistant. SPECIES: "Ferocactus wislizenii". The "fishhook" spines and the armored web of spines enclosing the cactus body are a defense against herbivory. 31 Oct. 2017. It has a leathery asparagus green cortex (skin) with approximately 15-28 ribs per cactus. Horizontal roots originated from the root crown are very shallow. Ferocactus cylindraceus can reach a height of 3 m (9,5 feet) and 50 cm (20 inches) in diameter, usually found individually, rarely branched. Origin and Habitat: South-eastern Arizona from Maricopa and Pima to Greenlee and Cochise counties, east to southern New Mexico from Hidalgo County to southwestern Lincoln County, and in El Paso County, Texas. 7) Judy Mielke, "Native Plants for Southwestern Landscapes", University of Texas Press, 19938) George Edmund Lindsay, J. Hugo Cota, "The taxonomy and ecology of the genus Ferocactus: explorations in the USA and Mexico", Tireless Termites Press, 19969) Mark A. Dimmitt, "Cactaceae (cactus family)". Britton & Rose Show All Show Tabs candy barrelcactus General Information; Symbol: FEWI Group: Dicot Family: Cactaceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Shrub Tree: Native Status: L48 N: Characteristics: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. Even so, average mortality due to fire is 50 to 67 percent within the first two years following fire.[4]. This plant is pictured in a 100mm Pot size. or make 4 interest-free payments of $3.00 AUD fortnightly with More info. They are favorite food of wildlife. tiburonensis, /Encyclopedia/CACTI/Family/Cactaceae/16130/Ferocactus_wislizeni. Donate now to support the LLIFLE projects. In habitat often this barrel-shaped cactus leans to face southward toward the equator, earning them the nickname "compass barrel cactus". Flowers yellow with red midveins. Will enjoy some summer water. Ferocactus wislizeni, the fishhook barrel cactus, also called Arizona barrel cactus, candy barrel cactus, and Southwestern barrel cactus, is a species of flowering plant in the cactus family Cactaceae, native to northern Mexico and the southern United States. It prefers full sun, and does well in hot arid climates. Fishhook barrel Seed grown. Depth of burial decreased with distance from the plant and ranged from 1.5 to 3.0 cm.Flowers: Its flowers colour is varies from yellow to (usuallly) firey orange-yellow with reddish midribs and brown tips or nearly red. Koeltz Scientific Books. The spines are thick and hooked. Wide.Radial spines: 12 to 20 variable, from bristle-like to acicular, up to 4.5-5 cm in length.Roots: The root system of barrel cactus is shallow and confined to the upper soil layers. Radial spines awl shaped, similar to the centrals, not bristle-like. The people of the Sonoran Desert use the fruit for candy and jelly. It is a ball-shaped cactus eventually growing to a cylindrical shape, with spiny ribs and red or yellow flowers in summer. Genus: Ferocactus. These are not yet flowering size. A wet cactus in the sun light can cause sun burning which can lead to scars or even fungal infections and death. [3] Tradition says that the barrel cactus is a source of water for people lost without water in the desert. Needs full sun. : Central spines 4, forming a cross, round in cross section, lower one sometimes flattened, to 9 cm long. Index of Species Information. There are records of the southwestern Native Americans using it for that purpose,[6] but the water contains oxalic acid and is likely to cause diarrhea if ingested on an empty stomach. Candy Barrel Cactus (Ferocactus wislizeni): Distinctively patterned red and white spines and yellow, orange or red flowers.It tolerates abuse and neglect well. Older barrels can lean so far they uproot themselves and fall over, especially after heavy rains when the soil is loose. Inner perianth segments ovate to lanceolate, about 20 mm long, 5-10 mm wide, red with yellow margins or sometimes pure yellow.Flowers form on growth of the current season in circle around top of plant (around meristem).Blooming season: Sporadically in late spring and profusely in summer and early autumn.Fruits: Fleshy at maturity, pineapple-shaped, green when unripe, yellow after the flower dries up, up to 5 cm long, and persist atop the cactus long after the flower is gone, sometimes for more than a year.