Increase in herbal production, vaccination, and medication production. And now, this technology is used by 16 million farmers. Want to know more? StarLink is the trading name of a genetically modified corn. More concerning is the great unknown of genetically modified foods being responsible for gene transfer. Moreover, hormone and hormone-like substances can affect human health negatively. Moreover, a project that claimed to develop genetically modified peas by adding a protein from beans was abandoned. Agricultural and Environmental Benefits, International Agency for Research on Cancer. HT soybean has decreased the number of tillage operations between 25% and 58% in the United States and Argentina [6]. A constant risk of GMO foods is that the modified genes of the organisms may escape into the wild. Some criticize the use of antibiotic resistance as markers in the transgenesis procedure and that this can facilitate antibiotic resistance development in pathogens that are a threat to human health [16]. The adoption of no-tillage practices would save the use of diesel fuel, and it enriches carbon sequestration in soils [10]. According to a research study published in the Journal of GM crops foods, some GM rice can enhance farm productivity, with yields per hectare 10 percent more for 40 percent of worldwide production. By genetic modification, herbal products can form some sudden mutations, and these mutations can generate new and high-level toxins in foods. However, with the arrival of crops resistant to pests, new and profoundly targeted procedures for pest control has become accessible in the form of transgenic plants. There is a type of a well-known substance named L-tryptophan. Some of these include: People with allergies are a concern. Improved nutritional quality and positive effects on health. Genetically modified foods (GM foods), which are the most publicized products of biotechnology, continue to be the topical issue of today’s world.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'explorebiotech_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_13',105,'0','0'])); Any organism that is produced by adding some new features or altering its genetic material features via biotechnological techniques is called a genetically modified organism (GMO). Moreover, if a country’s diet is severely lacking in a particular nutrient, genetic modification is likely to help battle malnutrition with fruit or vegetables that are high in exactly what is needed. And GMOs also have potential risks for human health [15]. Natural biopesticides and insecticides inside the parts of the plant protect the yields of these crops against insect infestation. In conclusion, it is really important to evaluate the pros and cons of genetically modified foods, as we need to try to outweigh the risks when it comes to producing them in huge volumes. Genetically modified food, also known as genetically engineered food, are the latest contribution of genetic engineering technology. Scientists observed that endotoxins produced by some genes could stay in the soil for 33 weeks. Considering that they are modified using viruses and bacteria, there is a fear that this will certainly happen. Enter your details below for more information, By submitting this form, you acknowledge that you have read, understood and accept our Privacy Policy and Terms and Conditions, © Australian Institute of Personal Trainers | RTO Number 32363, Choose a payment option to suit your budget, Online and face-to-face delivery options for all learning styles, Our dedicated student support team are with you every step of the way. A research study suggested that the fuel reduction because of GM crop cultivation resulted in a carbon dioxide emissions savings of 1215 × 106 Kg [11]. And the adoption of no-tillage practices in this region has allowed for wheat to be double-cropped with soybean, which has led to a significant increase in farm productivity [7]. The USDA reported significantly increased yields when farmers adopted herbicide-tolerant cotton and Bt cotton [4]. Another significant example of GM food-related allergenicity is the “StarLink” incident in the USA. Con 1 Genetically modified (GM) crops have not been proven safe for human consumption through human clinical trials. The main reason is the GM peas caused a lung allergy in mice [17]. It is arguably more environmentally friendly than using sprays that could be toxic to other organisms. It is mainly because genetic modification usually unites or mixes proteins that were not belonging to the original plant. Sue Stanton. Yeast; it’s one of those words that makes us cringe and, whether it deserves it or not, yeast has developed an ever so unpleasant reputation. In 2015, part of the World Health Organization, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), reviewed extensive Canadian, Swedish, and US epidemiological studies on glyphosate‘s human health effects, as well as research on laboratory animals. Analyses of the potatoes revealed an up to 60% increase in total protein content to cope with protein malnutrition.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'explorebiotech_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_18',109,'0','0'])); Moreover, scientists also developed Fortified Cassava, which can provide a day’s nutrition in a single meal. And what if you’re allergic to broccoli? Food fight: The pros and cons of genetically modified food. The most obvious example is “golden rice.” Golden rice seems to be golden because it carries an … Moreover, in plants with insect killer genes, the toxic material is produced continuously. Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that around 5 billion pounds of pesticides are used each year globally, costing more than 35 billion dollars. Technologies that promote conservation tillage practices decrease soil erosion in the long term and fundamentally encourage soil conservation while reducing nutrient and carbon loss [8],[9]. Some plants are genetically altered to increase their nutritional status. Genetically modified foods do have some disadvantages as well. It reduces farmers’ exposure to chemicals and lowers pesticides in food and feed crops. Many doubters of GM crops reveal concerns about allergenicity. In 1967, a potato named as Lenape potato composed of a high-level dry matter rate was introduced to the US market and used in chips production. Peace & Justice. GMOs improve the quality of the food that is grown. The reduction of pesticide applications is a significant direct benefit of GM crop cultivation. Although some are worried about the transfer of allergenic genes, scientists can use genetic modification to remove the allergen from products. Over 21 years, between 1996-2016, farm incomes have increased by $186.1 billion (PG Economics, 2016).eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'explorebiotech_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_1',111,'0','0'])); Herbicide Tolerant (HT) Insecticide Tolerant (IT), Table# 2:(Adapted from; G. Brookes and P. Barfoot, 2018). GMOs can be tailored […] Let’s just say this: genetic engineering takes the DNA genetic makeup of one plant and sticks the genes for one or two beneficial traits into another plant. Use this pros and cons list about genetically modified food to think about the subject today. Scientists have also developed a new generation of potatoes with enhanced nutritive value. Genetically modified food is, from all accounts, considered to be of a high quality, more nutritious food. As previously mentioned, genetically modified foods can create new diseases. Food fight: The pros and cons of genetically modified food. GM technology has been adopted more rapidly than any other agricultural technologies. GMOs, or genetically modified organisms, are very controversial. So it is no surprise that genetically modified food and feed crops resulted in their weird name as Frankenfood by many consumers, who seem as terrified of eating an apple with an added anti-browning gene or a pink pineapple genetically enriched with the antioxidant substance.