There are several leadership styles defined in nursing literature. AdventHealth University Online’s Master of Science in Nursing program offers an Administration and Leadership track that helps nurses research, adopt, and perfect leadership styles. To formally develop leadership skills, nurses can pursue education at the baccalaureate, masters and doctoral levels. The ANA states: “Nurse leaders provide vision, perspective and expertise to make strategic improvements for quality patient care and foster a safe and healthy work environment.” Nurse leaders are essential for 3 key reasons: According to ANA Enterprise, “There are those who lead, follow and those who delegate – knowing how and when to do these is what truly makes a powerful nurse leader.”. A nurse’s primary job is to ensure that patients are safe and well cared for. Affiliative Leadership is not a cup of tea of every other individual. British Journal of Nursing, 20(11), 672–676, 678–680. Dr. Gibbons holds a Doctorate in Nursing Practice from the University of New Hampshire and multiple specialty certifications in nursing education as well as clinical practice in nursing. Ensuring that existing operations flow smoothly can be a challenge, but good strategic leaders will help team members navigate change without losing sight of mentorship and accountability. Transformational leadership skills drive high employee productivity, satisfaction, and loyalty rates and contribute to improved patient safety. These are: Transformational; Democratic; Laissez-faire; Autocratic; Servant; Transformational Leadership. These are: Transformational leaders use a collaborative leadership style that leverages a shared vision, encouragement and inspiration to facilitate change. Transformational techniques are ideal when mentoring new nurses to instill trust, commitment, accountability, and teamwork values early in their professional careers, according to the International Journal of Scientific Research and Management Studies. A director of nursing in a fast-paced hospital setting might rely on autocratic leadership skills to efficiently train new registered nurses (RNs) and maintain compliance, while a chief nursing officer (CNO) in a nursing home might use transformational leadership techniques to improve employee retention and ensure that residents receive appropriate levels of care. Written by Sheryl Posnick. Careful observation of the leadership styles of nurse leaders in an organization or community demonstrates that leadership styles are as diverse as the leaders who employ them. As noted by the ANA, all nurses have the opportunity to engage in leadership. By cultivating a positive leadership style, considering techniques such as leadership by walking around (LBWA) and mentorship, and continuing your education, nurses in every role and at all levels can be effective leaders. Separate from education, nurses can seek certification and recognition of advanced knowledge in their specialty to demonstrate leadership to the community at large. Transformational leaders form strong relationships and inspire nurses to act independently to achieve... Autocratic. However, the same leader may find it more useful to employ a laissez-faire leadership style after the policy has been generated. American Express, “The 7 Most Common Leadership Styles (and How to Find Your Own)” There are many identified styles of leadership, and Servant Leadership is one that has grown in popularity in the last few years. They evoke a sense of inclusion and challenge workers to become active participants in change. Servant leadership is an emerging nursing leadership style that puts team members’ needs above the leaders’ own goals. Nursing supervisors have the added challenge of maintaining efficiency and adhering to process protocols while keeping up staff morale and engagement. For instance, in healthcare, when a system or process improvement is imperative, a democratic leader may step in to direct a group of assigned nurses to identify changes to a policy or guideline. Laissez-faire leaders operate with a hands-off attitude, allowing nurses to act with limited guidance. Leadership in nursing establishes the tone for adaptation to or establishes a culture for change. There are several different leadership styles: servant, transformational, democratic, authoritarian or autocratic, and laissez-faire. They operate with optimism, reliability, advocacy, and efficiency to help transform staff values and behaviors. All leadership techniques can be valuable in the right setting. Leaders exhibiting autocratic qualities excel at making snap decisions and delegating tasks, typically with... Democratic. Nurses who are aware of leadership styles may find this knowledge useful in maintaining a cohesive working environment. With … They are often noted to encourage and support others through actions and service to meet their needs to do the job well. Inspiring nurses to practice to the fullest extent of their education and licensure, nurse leaders are, as previously noted, found in many types of nursing roles. These leaders must be critical when necessary, but they allow and encourage the group to make decisions and develop solutions to work related problems, reserving the ability to step in and take over for those times when deemed necessary. Category: Articles, Nursing, How to Become a Nursing Home Administrator, AdventHealth University’s Master of Science in Spiritual Care Gains Important Accreditation Affirmation, Healthcare Administration in Strategy and Innovation, Advanced Imaging Certificate in Vascular Interventional Radiography, Advanced Imaging Certificate in Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Advanced Imaging Certificate in Computed Tomography, AdventHealth University Online’s Master of Science in Nursing. However, nurse leaders are becoming more visible as educators, mentors, preceptors, advocates, researchers, financial consultants, data analysts, case managers and through other formal and/or informal roles.